The motion of the free surface of an incompressible dielectric liquid is numerically simulated. The dynamics are an electric field and the surface tension. The liquid is assumed to have no charge and is initially placed between a pair of metal electrodes, which yield an electric potential. The problem is described by the Laplace equation for the electric potential and the Navier-Stokes equations for the velocity and the pressure of the liquid with unknown position of the free surface. In order to solve the problem a Lagrangian finite element method is implemented in combination with a mesh refinement method. The shapes and the rising speeds of the free surfaces are calculated for several combinations of Reynolds and Weber numbers.
|ジャーナル||Theoretical and Applied Mechanics Japan|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Mechanics of Materials