Purpose: We developed a production system for performing renovation work with increased use of pre-cut and prefabrication elements. To develop this system, a faithful 3D-CAD model of an existing building was made using a 3D-laser scanner. The purpose of this research is to develop a method for positioning the pre-cut and pre-fabrication elements precisely and at short notice. Method: First, a 3D-CAD model for renovation was made using the point cloud data of an existing building measured by a 3D-laser scanner. Next, the ID-number and the attribute data of the elements of the 3D-CAD model were stored in a database. The database was then sent to the factory along with the fabrication design drawings. The RFID-tags were put on the corresponding elements in the factory. This system automatically identified the delivered elements by reading the RFID-tags, highlighting the appropriate elements of the 3D-CAD models, and it extracting the positions coordinates automatically. The coordinate data were sent to the automatic positioning system using the motor-driven total station developed by us; the workers were shown the positions by employing laser radiation. The coordinates of the positions were defined on each element and registered as individual information of the element objects. Thus, it is possible to obtain the position information of the elements by simply locating the element objects on the 3D-CAD. Results & Discussion: In our experiment we installed a dry wall in a room in an existing building. Our system helped in eliminating the marking process, and the wall could be installed using only pre-cut elements. However, some issues that need to be tackled in the future were revealed: (i) it might be impossible to point the laser to the position for an element if this position is in mid-air; (ii) since assembling is performed in a particular sequential manner, a method for searching and identifying a required element is needed.
|ホスト出版物のタイトル||2012 Proceedings of the 29th International Symposium of Automation and Robotics in Construction, ISARC 2012|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2012|
|イベント||29th International Symposium of Automation and Robotics in Construction, ISARC 2012 - Eindhoven|
継続期間: 2012 6月 26 → 2012 6月 29
|Other||29th International Symposium of Automation and Robotics in Construction, ISARC 2012|
|Period||12/6/26 → 12/6/29|
ASJC Scopus subject areas