Leaf photosynthetic characteristics and net primary production of the polar willow (Salix polaris) in a high arctic polar semi-desert, Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard

Hiroyuki Muraoka*, Masaki Uchida, Masako Mishio, Takayuki Nakatsubo, Hiroshi Kanda, Hiroshi Koizumi

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

32 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Photosynthetic characteristics and their leaf-age dependence were examined to estimate ecophysiological effects on net primary production (NPP) of a polar willow (Salix polaris), a dominant dwarf shrub species in a polar semi-desert area of Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard. Leaves of S. polaris emerged just after snowmelt in early July in 2000; flowers were initiated within 1 week, and fruits in late July. Light-saturated rate of photosynthesis and stomatal conductance to water vapor increased rapidly to their maximum values within 1 week after leaf emergence and then decreased gradually. Depending on the leaf age, photosynthetic rates saturated at photosynthetically active photon flux density (PPFD) of 200-400 μmol·m-2·s-1, which is the light level usually available in the natural habitat. Optimum leaf temperature of photosynthesis ranged from 10 to 18°C, while air temperature in the habitat ranged from 8 to 20°C. These light and temperature responses of photosynthesis of S. polaris would be suitable for efficient carbon gain in the natural habitat characterized by highly variable light and temperature conditions. Using the photosynthetic and respiratory characteristics, biomass distribution, and meteorological data, NPP of S. polaris in the current year was estimated to be 26.1 g C·m-2. A model simulation of rising temperature conditions predicted a reduction of NPP because of a large increase in respiration. It was suggested that temperature condition and leaf phenological aspects strongly influence the carbon fixation by plants in the high arctic area studied.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)1193-1202
ページ数10
ジャーナルCanadian Journal of Botany
80
11
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2002 11月 1
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 植物科学

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