Limits to case - a critical survey of the notion

Andrew Spencer, Ryo Otoguro

研究成果: Chapter

8 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

This chapter examines the notion of case, establishing the extent to which such a feature is needed in the grammars of individual languages. Case systems represent an advanced stage in the grammaticalization of lexical concepts, in which lexical meaning is lost and the cases function as exponents or signals of other grammatical categories such as grammatical functions. Although there are distinct allomorphs of case markers, the distribution of these allomorphs is usually determined by phonology. Morphological and syntactic cases are distinct properties and, in principle, can be found independent of each other. In morphology, an attribute of the morphological case is needed to generalize over inflectional classes. In the syntax, there is a need for an attribute of the syntactic case to state certain types of agreements, multiple-case marking, and some forms of government. The inflection/derivation distinction is a metagrammatical distinction that can only be drawn by grammarians by considering the interaction of all the principles of morphology, syntax, semantics, and lexical relatedness in the language.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルCompetition and Variation in Natural Languages
出版社Elsevier Ltd
ページ119-145
ページ数27
ISBN(印刷版)9780080446516
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2005 12 1
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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