Organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) using a liquid organic semiconductor (LOS) are expected to provide extremely flexible displays. Recently, microfluidic OLEDs were developed to integrate and control a LOS in a device combined with microfluidic technology. However, LOS-based OLEDs show poor-colour-purity light emissions owing to their wide full width at half maximum (FWHM). Here we report liquid/solution-based microfluidic quantum dots light-emitting diodes (QLEDs) for high-colour-purity light emission. Microfluidic QLEDs contain liquid materials of LOS for a backlight and QDs solutions as luminophores. The microfluidic QLED exhibits red, green, and blue light emissions and achieves the highest light colour purity ever reported among LOS-based devices for green and red lights with narrow FWHMs of 26.2 nm and 25.0 nm, respectively. Additionally, the effect of the channel depth for the luminophore on the peak wavelength and FWHM is revealed. The developed device extends the capabilities of flexible microfluidic OLEDs-based and QDs-based displays.
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