Measurement of the lifetime of ionic vacancy by the cyclotron-MHD electrode

R. Aogaki*, K. Motomura, A. Sugiyama, R. Morimoto, I. Mogi, M. Miura, M. Asanuma, Y. Oshikiri

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

7 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

With a new type of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) electrode called cyclotron MHD electrode (CMHDE), the lifetime of ionic vacancy created in copper electrodeposition has been first measured. In a CMHDE, coaxial cylinders partly exposed as electrodes are placed vertically in an electrolytic solution under a vertical magnetic field, so that induced Lorentz force makes ionic vacancies circulate together with the solution along the circumferences. At low magnetic fields, ionic vacancies once created become extinct on the way of returning, whereas at high magnetic fields, they can come back to their initial birth points in enhanced velocities. By detecting the difference between these two states, we can measure the lifetime of ionic vacancy. At the same time, by changing the collision efficiency between created and returning vacancies, two reaction processes, i.e., the decay of ionic vacancy and the conversion to nanobubble can be analyzed. As a result, in the present case, it was concluded that the intrinsic lifetime of ionic vacancy is 8.6 s, and the formation time of nanobubble from the collision of ionic vacancies is 0.072 s.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)289-298
ページ数10
ジャーナルMagnetohydrodynamics
48
2
出版ステータスPublished - 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 電子工学および電気工学
  • 物理学および天文学(全般)

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