Mechanical properties of densified untwisted carbon nanotube yarn / epoxy composites

Risa Yoshizaki, Kim Tae Sung, Atsushi Hosoi, Hiroyuki Kawada

    研究成果: Conference contribution

    抄録

    Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have very high specific strength and stiffness. The excellent properties make it possible to enhance the mechanical properties of polymer matrix composites. However, it is difficult to use CNTs as the reinforcement of long fibers because of the limitation of CNT growth. In recent years, a method to spin yarns from CNT forests has developed. We have succeeded in manufacturing the unidirectional composites reinforced with the densified untwisted CNT yarns. The untwisted CNT yarns have been manufactured by drawing CNTs through a die from vertically aligned CNT arrays. In this study, the densified untwisted CNT yarns with a polymer treatment were fabricated. The tensile strength and the elastic modulus of the yarns were improved significantly by the treatment, and they were 1.9 GPa and 140 GPa, respectively. Moreover, the polymer treatment prevented the CNT yarns from swelling due to impregnation of the matrix resin. Finally, the high strength CNT yarn composites which have higher volume fraction than a conventional method were successfully fabricated.

    元の言語English
    ホスト出版物のタイトルASME 2015 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference, MSEC 2015
    出版者American Society of Mechanical Engineers
    1
    ISBN(印刷物)9780791856826
    DOI
    出版物ステータスPublished - 2015
    イベントASME 2015 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference, MSEC 2015 - Charlotte, United States
    継続期間: 2015 6 82015 6 12

    Other

    OtherASME 2015 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference, MSEC 2015
    United States
    Charlotte
    期間15/6/815/6/12

    Fingerprint

    Yarn
    Carbon nanotubes
    Mechanical properties
    Composite materials
    Polymer matrix composites
    Polymers
    Impregnation
    Swelling
    Volume fraction
    Reinforcement
    Tensile strength
    Resins
    Elastic moduli
    Stiffness
    Fibers

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

    これを引用

    Yoshizaki, R., Sung, K. T., Hosoi, A., & Kawada, H. (2015). Mechanical properties of densified untwisted carbon nanotube yarn / epoxy composites. : ASME 2015 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference, MSEC 2015 (巻 1). American Society of Mechanical Engineers. https://doi.org/10.1115/MSEC20159342

    Mechanical properties of densified untwisted carbon nanotube yarn / epoxy composites. / Yoshizaki, Risa; Sung, Kim Tae; Hosoi, Atsushi; Kawada, Hiroyuki.

    ASME 2015 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference, MSEC 2015. 巻 1 American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2015.

    研究成果: Conference contribution

    Yoshizaki, R, Sung, KT, Hosoi, A & Kawada, H 2015, Mechanical properties of densified untwisted carbon nanotube yarn / epoxy composites. : ASME 2015 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference, MSEC 2015. 巻. 1, American Society of Mechanical Engineers, ASME 2015 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference, MSEC 2015, Charlotte, United States, 15/6/8. https://doi.org/10.1115/MSEC20159342
    Yoshizaki R, Sung KT, Hosoi A, Kawada H. Mechanical properties of densified untwisted carbon nanotube yarn / epoxy composites. : ASME 2015 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference, MSEC 2015. 巻 1. American Society of Mechanical Engineers. 2015 https://doi.org/10.1115/MSEC20159342
    Yoshizaki, Risa ; Sung, Kim Tae ; Hosoi, Atsushi ; Kawada, Hiroyuki. / Mechanical properties of densified untwisted carbon nanotube yarn / epoxy composites. ASME 2015 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference, MSEC 2015. 巻 1 American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2015.
    @inproceedings{7b6b3bc45bb642b2b8acebee70e2770e,
    title = "Mechanical properties of densified untwisted carbon nanotube yarn / epoxy composites",
    abstract = "Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have very high specific strength and stiffness. The excellent properties make it possible to enhance the mechanical properties of polymer matrix composites. However, it is difficult to use CNTs as the reinforcement of long fibers because of the limitation of CNT growth. In recent years, a method to spin yarns from CNT forests has developed. We have succeeded in manufacturing the unidirectional composites reinforced with the densified untwisted CNT yarns. The untwisted CNT yarns have been manufactured by drawing CNTs through a die from vertically aligned CNT arrays. In this study, the densified untwisted CNT yarns with a polymer treatment were fabricated. The tensile strength and the elastic modulus of the yarns were improved significantly by the treatment, and they were 1.9 GPa and 140 GPa, respectively. Moreover, the polymer treatment prevented the CNT yarns from swelling due to impregnation of the matrix resin. Finally, the high strength CNT yarn composites which have higher volume fraction than a conventional method were successfully fabricated.",
    author = "Risa Yoshizaki and Sung, {Kim Tae} and Atsushi Hosoi and Hiroyuki Kawada",
    year = "2015",
    doi = "10.1115/MSEC20159342",
    language = "English",
    isbn = "9780791856826",
    volume = "1",
    booktitle = "ASME 2015 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference, MSEC 2015",
    publisher = "American Society of Mechanical Engineers",

    }

    TY - GEN

    T1 - Mechanical properties of densified untwisted carbon nanotube yarn / epoxy composites

    AU - Yoshizaki, Risa

    AU - Sung, Kim Tae

    AU - Hosoi, Atsushi

    AU - Kawada, Hiroyuki

    PY - 2015

    Y1 - 2015

    N2 - Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have very high specific strength and stiffness. The excellent properties make it possible to enhance the mechanical properties of polymer matrix composites. However, it is difficult to use CNTs as the reinforcement of long fibers because of the limitation of CNT growth. In recent years, a method to spin yarns from CNT forests has developed. We have succeeded in manufacturing the unidirectional composites reinforced with the densified untwisted CNT yarns. The untwisted CNT yarns have been manufactured by drawing CNTs through a die from vertically aligned CNT arrays. In this study, the densified untwisted CNT yarns with a polymer treatment were fabricated. The tensile strength and the elastic modulus of the yarns were improved significantly by the treatment, and they were 1.9 GPa and 140 GPa, respectively. Moreover, the polymer treatment prevented the CNT yarns from swelling due to impregnation of the matrix resin. Finally, the high strength CNT yarn composites which have higher volume fraction than a conventional method were successfully fabricated.

    AB - Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have very high specific strength and stiffness. The excellent properties make it possible to enhance the mechanical properties of polymer matrix composites. However, it is difficult to use CNTs as the reinforcement of long fibers because of the limitation of CNT growth. In recent years, a method to spin yarns from CNT forests has developed. We have succeeded in manufacturing the unidirectional composites reinforced with the densified untwisted CNT yarns. The untwisted CNT yarns have been manufactured by drawing CNTs through a die from vertically aligned CNT arrays. In this study, the densified untwisted CNT yarns with a polymer treatment were fabricated. The tensile strength and the elastic modulus of the yarns were improved significantly by the treatment, and they were 1.9 GPa and 140 GPa, respectively. Moreover, the polymer treatment prevented the CNT yarns from swelling due to impregnation of the matrix resin. Finally, the high strength CNT yarn composites which have higher volume fraction than a conventional method were successfully fabricated.

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84945335722&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84945335722&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1115/MSEC20159342

    DO - 10.1115/MSEC20159342

    M3 - Conference contribution

    SN - 9780791856826

    VL - 1

    BT - ASME 2015 International Manufacturing Science and Engineering Conference, MSEC 2015

    PB - American Society of Mechanical Engineers

    ER -