The mechanism of the hydrogen desorption (HD) reaction from the 1:1 mixture of lithium amide (LiNH2) and lithium hydride (LiH) to lithium imide (Li2NH) and hydrogen (H2) has been proposed on the basis of our experimental results in this paper. The proposed model is constituted by 2 kinds of elementary reactions: the one is that 2LiNH2 decomposes to Li2NH and ammonia (NH3), the other is that the emitted NH3 reacts with LiH and transforms into LiNH2 and H 2. Since the former and the latter reactions are, respectively, endothermic and exothermic, the HD reaction corresponding to the latter reaction occurs as soon as LiNH2 has decomposed into Li2NH and NH3. Therefore, the HD reaction can be understood by the following processes: at the first step, LiNH2 decomposes into Li 2NH/2 + NH3/2, and then the emitted NH3/2 quickly reacts with LiH/2, transforming into LiNH2/2 + H 2/2; at the second one, the produced LiNH2/2 decomposes to Li2NH/4 + NH3/4, and then NH3/4 + LiH/4 transform to LiNH2/4 + H2/4, and such successive steps continue until LiNH2 and LiH completely transform into Li 2NH and H2, even at low temperatures, by the catalytic effect of TiCl3.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry