Medial frontal negativities predict performance improvements during motor sequence but not motor adaptation learning

Takuto Matsuhashi, Sidney J. Segalowitz, Timothy I. Murphy, Yuichiro Nagano, Takahiro Hirao, Hiroaki Masaki*

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

1 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Alterations in our environment require us to learn or alter motor skills to remain efficient. Also, damage or injury may require the relearning of motor skills. Two types have been identified: movement adaptation and motor sequence learning. Doyonet al. (2003, Distinct contribution of the cortico-striatal and cortico-cerebellar systems to motor skill learning. Neuropsychologia, 41(3), 252-262) proposed a model to explain the neural mechanisms related to adaptation (cortico-cerebellar) and motor sequence learning (cortico-striatum) tasks. We hypothesized that medial frontal negativities (MFNs), event-related electrocortical responses including the error-related negativity (ERN) and correct-response-related negativity (CRN), would be trait biomarkers for skill in motor sequence learning due to their relationship with striatal neural generators in a network involving the anterior cingulate and possibly the supplementary motor area. We examined 36 participants' improvement in a motor adaptation and a motor sequence learning task and measured MFNs elicited in a separate Spatial Stroop (conflict) task. We found both ERN and CRN strongly predicted performance improvement in the sequential motor task but not in the adaptation task, supporting this aspect of the Doyon model. Interestingly, the CRN accounted for additional unique variance over the variance shared with the ERN suggesting an expansion of the model.

本文言語English
論文番号e13708
ジャーナルPsychophysiology
58
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2021 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 神経科学(全般)
  • 神経心理学および生理心理学
  • 実験心理学および認知心理学
  • 神経学
  • 内分泌系および自律システム
  • 発達神経科学
  • 認知神経科学
  • 生物学的精神医学

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