Early detection and proper excision of the primary lesions of melanoma are crucial for reducing melanoma-related deaths. In order to support the early detection of melanoma, melanoma screening systems have been extensively studied and developed. Recently we have proposed a melanoma discrimination index derived from hyperspectral data (HSD) in the visible-near infrared wavelength region. The index represents variegation in spectra over a lesion and works well in discriminating melanoma from other pigmented lesions. However the previous hyperspectral imager did not have an enough allowance for measurement of lesions. To overcome the problem with it, we have developed a hyperspectral imager attached to imaging fiberscope. This equipment has been able to accumulate HSD in a view field of 40 mm within about 10 seconds, from which the above-mentioned melanoma discrimination index has been calculated. Performance of the system has been studied in nine cases of melanoma and 18 cases of non-melanoma, obtained from patients and volunteers, all of whom were Japanese. The index has achieved a sensitivity of 100 % and a specificity of 94.4 %.