Mental arithmetic is a useful diagnostic evaluation in white coat hypertension

Mutsuhiro Nakao*, Tatsuo Shimosawa, Shinobu Nomura, Tomifusa Kuboki, Toshiro Fujita, Katsuyuki Murata

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

15 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

It remains unclear whether patients with white coat hypertension are more susceptible to mental stress than are those with essential hypertension. To compare the presser responses to mental arithmetic between the two types of hypertension, 21 untreated female outpatients, aged 42 to 64 (mean 55) years, with hypertension, were studied. After 2 weeks of self-monitoring blood pressure, 11 patients were diagnosed as having white coat hypertension and the remaining 10 patients were diagnosed as having essential hypertension. The systolic and diastolic blood pressure responses to mental arithmetic testing were significantly greater in the patients with white coat hypertension (+38 ± 18/+24 ± 13 mmHg) than in those with essential hypertension (+21 ± 8/+13 ± 6 mmHg). These differences also were statistically significant in controlling for the effects of age and baseline blood pressures. These data suggest that mental arithmetic testing may be a useful tool for the diagnosis of white coat hypertension.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)41-45
ページ数5
ジャーナルAmerican Journal of Hypertension
11
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 1998 1
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 循環器および心血管医学

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