Job stress and death from overwork (Karoshi) are serious health concerns in Japan. This observational study examined the relationship between baseline mental health promotion behaviors (MHPBs; physical activity, weekday cultural activities, enriching activities during vacations, interpersonal communication, relaxation, volunteering, interest and participation in new activities, and group affiliation) and condition of job-related mood (vigor, anger-irritability, fatigue, anxiety, and depression) at a 6-month follow- up to promote the resolution of mental health problems among Japanese employees of small- to medium-sized enterprises. Baseline and follow-up surveys were conducted with N = 635 participants. Participants reported their current engagement in MHPBs and current level of job-related mood as vigor (a positive mood state in the form of energy and enthusiasm for the job), anger-irritability, fatigue, anxiety, and depression. Structural equation modeling showed MHPBs to predict vigor, fatigue, and depression at both baseline and follow-up. Baseline MHPBs and job-related mood were carried over to a 6-month follow-up. Baseline job-related mood was found to mediate the relationship between baseline MHPBs and follow-up job-related mood. These findings suggest that engagement in MHPBs has contributed to improving job-related mood, especially vigor in Japanese workers, and may be applicable in other international settings.
|ジャーナル||International Perspectives in Psychology: Research, Practice, Consultation|
|出版ステータス||Accepted/In press - 2019|
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