Micro- and nano-scale fabrications of various fluorinated polymers were demonstrated by direct maskless etching using a focused ion beam (FIB). The etching rates of perfluorinated polymers, such as poly(tetrafluoroethylene) (PTFE), poly(tetrafluoroethylene-co-hexafluoropropylene) (FEP), poly(tetrafluoroethylene-co-perfluoroalkoxyvinylether) (PFA), were about 500-1000 times higher than those of partially fluorinated polymers, such as poly(tetrafluoroethylene-co-ethylene) (ETFE) and poly(vinilydene-fluoride) (PVdF). Controlled high quality and high aspect-ratio nanostructures of spin-coated cross-linked PTFE were obtained without solid debris. The height and diameter of the fibers were about 1.5 μm and 90 nm, respectively. Their aspect ratio was about 17.
ASJC Scopus subject areas