Microscale Visualization of Erythrocyte Deformation by Colliding with a Rigid Surface Using a High-Speed Impinging Jet

S. Wakasa, T. Yagi, Y. Akimoto, N. Tokunaga, K. Iwasaki, Mitsuo Umezu

研究成果: Conference contribution

1 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Erythrocyte deformation by colliding with a rigid surface using a high-speed impinging jet was studied with microfluidic techniques. We aim to investigate the relevance of colliding erythrocytes with hemolysis. A micro-channel chip was made of polydimenthyl-siloxane (PDMS), which comprised a T- and Y-shaped junction with a micro-nozzle and diffuser in order to attain a high-speed microflow with a jet velocity of m/s scale. A high-speed camera with a microscope imaged colliding erythrocytes by shadow imaging. Porcine erythrocyte with a hematocrit of 0.5 % in phosphate buffer saline was utilized. At the Y-junction, erythrocytes showed buckling due to an impulsive, longitudinal, compressive deformation. Such anomalous phenomena were not detected at the T-junction, where erythrocytes underwent sequential compressions as approaching the colliding surface. Erythrocyte after buckling showed a hazy membrane while being released from the colliding surface, suggesting the ejection of hemoglobin out of the pore on a membrane. Flow-induced hemolysis has been considered as a model of viscous shear stress and exposure time. From our data, however, it was suggested that hemolysis due to a high-speed impinging flow characterized by mechanical heart valve flows may arise as an impulsive failure of erythrocyte membrane upon collision.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトル13th International Conference on Biomedical Engineering - ICBME 2008
ページ1422-1425
ページ数4
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2009 12月 1
イベント13th International Conference on Biomedical Engineering, ICBME 2008 - , Singapore
継続期間: 2008 12月 32008 12月 6

出版物シリーズ

名前IFMBE Proceedings
23
ISSN(印刷版)1680-0737

Conference

Conference13th International Conference on Biomedical Engineering, ICBME 2008
国/地域Singapore
Period08/12/308/12/6

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • バイオエンジニアリング
  • 生体医工学

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