This article describes an evolutionary image filter design for noise reduction using particle swarm optimization (PSO), where mixed constraints on the circuit complexity, power, and signal delay are optimized. First, the evaluated values of correctness, complexity, power, and signal delay are introduced to the fitness function. Then PSO autonomously synthesizes a filter. To verify the validity of our method, an image filter for noise reduction was synthesized. The performance of the resultant filter by PSO was similar to that of a genetic algorithm (GA), but the running time of PSO is 10% shorter than that of GA.
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