Moderate cycling exercise enhances neurocognitive processing in adolescents with intellectual and developmental disabilities

Tobias Vogt*, Stefan Schneider, Volker Anneken, Heiko K. Strüder

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

16 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Research has shown that physical exercise enhances cognitive performance in individuals with intact cognition as well as in individuals diagnosed with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Although well identified in the field of health (for example, the transient hypofrontality theory), the underlying neurocognitive processes in intellectual and developmental disabilities remain widely unclear and thus characterize the primary aim of this research. Eleven adolescents with intellectual and developmental disabilities performed moderate cycling exercise and common relaxation. Cross-over designed, both 10-min meetings were randomly allocated at the same time of day with 24-h time lags in between. Conditions were embedded in ability-modified cognitive performance (decision-making processes). Participants' reaction times and their equivalent neurophysiological parameters were recorded using standard EEG and analyzed (spatial activity, N2). Exercise revealed a decrease in frontal electrocortical activity, most pronounced in the medial frontal gyrus (10%). To that effect, reaction time (. p<. 0.01) was decreased and mirrored in decreased N2 latency (. p<. 0.01) after exercise. In contrast, relaxation revealed no significant changes. Results of this research suggest exercise temporarily enhances neuronal activity in relation to cognitive performance for adolescents with intellectual and developmental disabilities; further research is needed to explore possible future effects on enhancing neurocognitive development.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)2708-2716
ページ数9
ジャーナルResearch in Developmental Disabilities
34
9
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2013 9月
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 発達心理学および教育心理学
  • 臨床心理学

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