We report microstructures on the surface of graphite particles found in practicable carbon anodes by means of high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. The surfaces consist of "closed-edge" structures constructed in a similar manner as carbon nano-tube. We have also investigated the formation mechanism of these nano-structures using molecular dynamics simulations based on the Tersoff potential. From electrochemical measurements, the carbon anodes composed of these "closed-edge" structures show actually high battery performance with a large discharge capacity and a small irreversible capacity.
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