Neuronal circuitries involved in thermoregulation

Kei Nagashima, Sadamu Nakai, Mutsumi Tanaka, Kazuyuki Kanosue*

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

221 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The body temperature of homeothermic animals is regulated by systems that utilize multiple behavioral and autonomic effector responses. In the last few years, new approaches have brought us new information and new ideas about neuronal interconnections in the thermoregulatory network. Studies utilizing chemical stimulation of the preoptic area revealed both heat loss and production responses are controlled by warm-sensitive neurons. These neurons send excitatory efferent signals for the heat loss and inhibitory efferent signals for the heat production. The warm-sensitive neurons are separated and work independently to control these two opposing responses. Recent electrophysiological analysis have identified some neurons sending axons directly to the spinal cord for thermoregulatory effector control. Included are midbrain reticulospinal neurons for shivering and premotor neurons in the medulla oblongata for skin vasomotor control. As for the afferent side of the thermoregulatory network, the vagus nerve is recently paid much attention, which would convey signals for peripheral infection to the brain and be responsible for the induction of fever. The vagus nerve may also participate in thermoregulation in afebrile conditions, because some substances such as cholecyctokinin and leptin activate the vagus nerve. Although the functional role for this response is still obscure, the vagus may transfer nutritional and/or metabolic signals to the brain, affecting metabolism and body temperature. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)18-25
ページ数8
ジャーナルAutonomic Neuroscience: Basic and Clinical
85
1-3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2000 12 20
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 内分泌系および自律システム
  • 臨床神経学
  • 細胞および分子神経科学

フィンガープリント

「Neuronal circuitries involved in thermoregulation」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。

引用スタイル