Neurosteroid biosynthesis in the brain of amphibians

Hubert Vaudry*, Jean Luc Do Rego, Delphine Burel, Van Luu-The, Georges Pelletier, David Vaudry, Kazuyoshi Tsutsui

*この研究の対応する著者

    研究成果: Article査読

    13 被引用数 (Scopus)

    抄録

    Amphibians have been widely used to investigate the synthesis of biologically active steroids in the brain and the regulation of neurosteroid production by neurotransmitters and neuropeptides. The aim of the present review is to summarize the current knowl- edge regarding the neuroanatomical distribution and biochemical activity of steroidogenic enzymes in the brain of anurans and urodeles. The data accumulated over the past two decades demonstrate that discrete populations of neurons and/or glial cells in the frog and newt brains express the major steroidogenic enzymes and are able to synthesize de novo a number of neurosteroids from cholesterol/pregnenolone. Since neurosteroidogen- esis has been conserved during evolution from amphibians to mammals, it appears that neurosteroids must play important physiological functions in the central nervous system of vertebrates.

    本文言語English
    論文番号Article 79
    ジャーナルFrontiers in Endocrinology
    2
    NOV
    DOI
    出版ステータスPublished - 2011

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • 内分泌学、糖尿病および代謝内科学

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