Nitrification of landfill leachate using immobilized nitrifying bacteria at low temperatures

Kazuichi Isaka*, Sachiko Yoshie, Tatsuo Sumino, Yuhei Inamori, Satoshi Tsuneda


研究成果: Article査読

61 被引用数 (Scopus)


A technology to achieve stable and high rates of nitrification of landfill leachate at low temperatures has been desired. Nitrifying bacteria entrapped in a polyethylene glycol (PEG) gel carrier produced high nitrification rates of 0.71 kg N/m3/day at 10 °C for more than 1 year. As a characteristic of nitrification, ammonium nitrogen at 16-35 mg/L remained in effluent water irrespective of nitrogen load and nitrite accumulation was observed. Batch experiments clearly showed that the relationship between ammonium concentration and ammonium removal rate followed a Monod-type equation. It was also revealed that ammonium-oxidizing bacteria cultivated in a gel carrier had a low affinity for ammonium, leading to incomplete nitrification. Moreover, it was suggested that the remaining ammonium in the reactor produced free ammonium, which inhibited the activities of nitrite-oxidizing bacteria. Thus, only nitritation was observed. Molecular biological methods, such as denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), revealed that Nitrosomonas sp. was the dominant ammonium-oxidizing bacteria in the gel carrier at low temperature.

ジャーナルBiochemical Engineering Journal
出版ステータスPublished - 2007 10月 15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • バイオテクノロジー
  • 環境工学
  • バイオエンジニアリング
  • 生体医工学


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