Novel Ion-Exchange Membranes for Electrodialysis Prepared by Radiation-induced Graft Polymerization

研究成果: Article査読

52 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Novel ion-exchange membranes containing sulfonic acid (So3H) and trimethyl ammonium [N(CH3)3] groups were prepared by a simple method of radiation-induced cografting of sodium styrenesulfonate (SSS) with acrylic acid (AAc) and vinyl benzyl trimethyl ammonium chloride (VBTAC) with 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA), onto a polyethylene film with a thickness of 50 μ.|m. The high density graft chain was introduced throughout the polyethylene film. The maximum cation- and anion-exchange capacities of the resultant membranes were 2.5 and 1.3 mol/kg, respectively. These membranes exhibited an electrical resistance one order lower than commercially available ion-exchange membranes; for example, 12 h cografting provided cation- and anion-exchange membranes whose electrical resistances in a 0.5 MNaCl solution were 0.25 and 0.85 Ω cm2, respectively From the evaluation of electrodialytic desalination in a batch mode, using a pair of the graft-type ion-exchange membranes, the time required to achieve 99.5% desalination of the initial 0.5 MNaCl solution was reduced to 85% comparing with that of the commercial ion-exchange membranes.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)3659-3663
ページ数5
ジャーナルJournal of the Electrochemical Society
142
11
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 1995 11月
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 電子材料、光学材料、および磁性材料
  • 再生可能エネルギー、持続可能性、環境
  • 表面、皮膜および薄膜
  • 電気化学
  • 材料化学

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