Novel method for selection of antimicrobial peptides from a phage display library by use of bacterial magnetic particles

Tsuyoshi Tanaka, Yoriko Kokuryu, Tadashi Matsunaga*

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

22 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Antimicrobial peptides were isolated from a phage display peptide library using bacterial magnetic particles (BacMPs) as a solid support. The BacMPs obtained from "Magnetospirillum magneticum" strain AMB-1 consist of pure magnetite (50 to 100 nm in size) and are covered with a lipid bilayer membrane derived from the invagination of the inner membrane. BacMPs are easily purified from a culture of magnetotactic bacteria by magnetic separation. Approximately 4 × 1010 PFU of the library phage (complexity, 2.7 × 109) was reacted with BacMPs. The elution of bound phages from BacMPs was performed by disrupting its membrane with phospholipase D treatment. Six candidate peptides, which were highly cationic and could bind onto the BacMP membrane, were obtained. They exhibited antimicrobial activity against Bacillus subtilis but not against Escherichia coli and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The amino acid substitution of the selected peptide, KPQQHN RPLRHK (peptide 6-7), to enhance the hydrophobicity resulted in obvious antimicrobial activity against all test microorganisms. The present study shows for the first time that a magnetic selection of antimicrobial peptides from the phage display peptide library was successfully achieved by targeting the actual bacterial inner membrane. This BacMP-based method could be a promising approach for a high-throughput screening of antimicrobial peptides targeting a wide range of species.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)7600-7606
ページ数7
ジャーナルApplied and Environmental Microbiology
74
24
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2008 12月
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 応用微生物学とバイオテクノロジー
  • 食品科学
  • バイオテクノロジー
  • 生態学

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