Numerical simulation of cavitation surge and vortical flows in a diffuser with swirling flow

Bin Ji, Jiong Wang, X. Luo, K. Miyagawa, L. Z. Xiao, X. Long, Yoshinobu Tsujimoto

研究成果: Article査読

29 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The strong swirling flow at the exit of the runner of a Francis turbine at part load causes flow instabilities and cavitation surges in the draft tube, deteriorating the performance of the hydraulic power system. The unsteady cavitating turbulent flow in the draft tube is simplified and modeled by a diffuser with swirling flow using the Scale-adaptive simulation method. Unsteady characteristics of the vortex rope structure and the underlying mechanisms for the interactions between the cavitation and the vortices are both revealed. The generation and evolution of the vortex rope structures are demonstrated with the help of the iso-surfaces of the vapor volume fraction and the Qcriterion. Analysis based on the vorticity transport equation suggests that the vortex dilatation term is much larger along the cavity interface in the diffuser inlet and modifies the vorticity field in regions with high density and pressure gradients. The present work is validated by comparing two types of cavitation surges observed experimentally in the literature with further interpretations based on simulations.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)2507-2514
ページ数8
ジャーナルJournal of Mechanical Science and Technology
30
6
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2016 6 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 材料力学
  • 機械工学

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