We propose using hydrogen as a heat transfer medium to supply waste heat from hydrogen-driven devices to hydrogen storage tanks. In our model, MgH2 is used in the form of porous sheets, set in parallel in the tank, and heat is supplied via hot hydrogen flowed through the interspaces between the porous sheets. Feasibility of the hydrogen desorption reaction in this process was verified numerically. Hydrogen efficiently carried heat to the stack of porous MgH2 sheets via convective heat transfer and then carried heat into the porous MgH2 sheets via conductive heat transfer through the pores owing to its high thermal conductivity. We found that the hydrogen desorption is also fast enough to allow the supplied heat to be used efficiently to drive the endothermic hydrogen desorption reaction. It was understood that the thickness of the MgH2 sheet and hot hydrogen flow speed affected hydrogen desorption. These factors can be evaluated by using the dimensionless number of τs/τh which is the ratio of the space time to the time constant for heat transfer in the MgH2 sheet. Under τs/τh > 0.01 range, both the reaction and heat transfer are fast enough, the hydrogen desorption is limited by heat supply, and hydrogen desorption amount is proportional to the heat supplied to the reactor. The tank structure and operating conditions can be designed by using the dimensionless number of τs/τh.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- 化学 (全般)