On-line estimation of hidden Markov model parameters

Jun Mizuno, Tatsuya Watanabe, Kazuya Ueki, Kazuyuki Amano, Eiji Takimoto, Akira Maruoka

研究成果: Conference contribution

11 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

In modeling various signals such as the speech signal by using the Hidden Markov Model (HMM), it is often required to adapt not only to the inherent nonstationarity of the signal, but to changes of sources (speakers) who yield the signal. The well known Baum-Welch algorithm tries to adjust HMM so as to optimize the fit between the model and the signal observed. In this paper we develop an algorithm, which we call the on-line Baum-Welch algorithm, by incorporating the learning rate into the off-line Baum-Welch algorithm. The algorithm performs in a series of trials. In each trial the algorithm somehow produces an HMM Mt, then receives a symbol sequence wt, incurring loss -ln Pr(wt|Mt) which is the negative log-likelihood of the HMM Mt evaluated at wt. The performance of the algorithm is measured by the additional total loss, which is called the regret, of the algorithm over the total loss of a standard algorithm, where the standard algorithm is taken to be a criterion for measuring the relative loss. We take the off-line Baum-Welch algorithm as such a standard algorithm. To evaluate the performance of an algorithm, we take the Gradient Descent algorithm. Our experiments show that the on-line Baum-Welch algorithm performs well as compared to the Gradient Descent algorithm. We carry out the experiments not only for artificial data, but for some reasonably realistic data which is made by transforming acoustic waveforms to symbol sequences through the vector quantization method. The results show that the on-line Baum-Welch algorithm adapts the change of speakers very well.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルDiscovery Science - 3rd International Conference, DS 2000, Proceedings
出版社Springer Verlag
ページ155-169
ページ数15
1967
ISBN(印刷版)9783540413523
出版ステータスPublished - 2000
外部発表はい
イベント3rd International Conference on Discovery Science, DS 2000 - Kyoto, Japan
継続期間: 2000 12 42000 12 6

出版物シリーズ

名前Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
1967
ISSN(印刷版)03029743
ISSN(電子版)16113349

Other

Other3rd International Conference on Discovery Science, DS 2000
国/地域Japan
CityKyoto
Period00/12/400/12/6

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • コンピュータ サイエンス(全般)
  • 理論的コンピュータサイエンス

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