Reduction of the thermal distortion caused by the fabrication process of metal additive manufacturing is an important issue. Considering the problem of forming an object having lattices inside it to reduce the thermal distortion, we perform a lattice density distribution optimization and its experimental verification. In the optimization, assuming a cube with a sphere void as the base lattice shape, the lattice's distribution optimization is constructed based on the recurrent formula inherent strain method and a gradient method. The lattices are approximately handled as solid materials having effective stiffness calculated by the homogenization method. In the experiment, the laser powder bed fusion is introduced to fabricate test pieces. The test pieces are partially cut from the baseplate by a wire electric discharge machine, and the edge clearance caused by warping deformation is measured. The thermo-mechanical analysis is also introduced for the mechanical interpretation of the results. The reduction rate of the clearance caused by warping deformation in the experiment was 10.4%–24.8% in the quasi 2D example (comparison with 61.0%–91.4% volume fraction uniform lattices and a solid test piece) and 6.0% in the 3D example (comparison with the same volume fraction uniform lattice with the optimal lattice).
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