Orthographic neighborhood effects in perceptual identification and semantic categorization tasks: A test of the multiple read-out model

Christopher R. Sears*, Stephen J. Lupker, Yasushi Hino

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

38 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

How should a word's orthographic neighborhood affect perceptual identification and semantic categorization, both of which require a word to be uniquely identified? According to the multiple read-out model (Grainger & Jacobs, 1996), inhibitory neighborhood frequency effects should be observed in these types of tasks, and facilitatory neighborhood size effects should not be. In Experiments 1 and 2 (perceptual identification), these effects were examined as a function of stimulus visibility (i.e., high vs. low visibility) to provide as full a test as possible of the model's predictions. In the high-visibility conditions, words with large neighborhoods were reported less accurately than words with small neighborhoods, but there was no effect of neighborhood frequency (i.e., whether the word had a higher frequency neighbor). In the low-visibility conditions, low-frequency words with large neighborhoods and low-frequency words with higher frequency neighbors showed superior identification performance. In the semantic categorization task (Experiment 3), words with large neighborhoods were responded to more rapidly than words with small neighborhoods, but there was no effect of neighborhood frequency. These results are inconsistent with two of the basic premises of the multiple read-out model - namely, that facilitatory neighborhood size effects are due to a variable response criterion (the ∑ criterion), rather than to lexical selection processes, and that the lexical selection processes themselves produce an inhibitory neighborhood frequency effect (via the M criterion). Instead, the present results, in conjunction with previous findings, suggest that large neighborhoods (and perhaps higher frequency neighbors) do aid lexical selection.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)1537-1554
ページ数18
ジャーナルPerception and Psychophysics
61
8
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 1999 11
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 実験心理学および認知心理学
  • 感覚系
  • 心理学(全般)

フィンガープリント

「Orthographic neighborhood effects in perceptual identification and semantic categorization tasks: A test of the multiple read-out model」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。

引用スタイル