Currently, nanoparticles are used in various commercial products. One of the most common nanoparticles is titanium dioxide (TiO2). It has a catalytic activity and UV absorption, and generates reactive oxygen species (ROS). This catalytic activity of TiO2 nanoparticles was believed to be capable of killing a wide range of microorganisms. In the environment, the unique properties of TiO2 nanoparticles can be maintained; therefore, the increasing use of TiO2 nanoparticles is raising concerns about their environmental risks. Thus, assessment of the biological and ecological effects of TiO2-NOAAs is necessary. In this study, we assessed the effect of TiO2-NOAAs for S. cerevisiae using DNA microarray. To compare yeast cells under various conditions, six treatment conditions were prepared (1. adsorbed fraction to TiO2-NOAA under UV; 2. non-adsorbed fraction to TiO2-NOAA under UV; 3. adsorbed fraction to TiO2-NOAA without UV; 4. non-adsorbed fraction to TiO2-NOAA without UV; 5. under UV; and 6. untreated control). The result of the DNA microarray analysis, suggested that yeast cells that are adsorbed by TiO2-NOAA under UV irradiation suffer oxidative stress and this stress response was similar to that by only UV irradiation. We concluded that the effect of TiO2-NOAAs on yeast cells under UV irradiation is not caused by TiO2-NOAA but UV irradiation.
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