Oxygen redox promoted by Na excess and covalency in hexagonal and monoclinic Na2−xRuO3 polymorphs

M. H.N. Assadi, Masashi Okubo, Atsuo Yamada, Yoshitaka Tateyama

研究成果: Article査読

6 被引用数 (Scopus)


Resorting to oxygen redox in addition to that of transition metal in oxide cathode materials can increase the capacity of rechargeable Na ions batteries. Through comprehensive density functional calculations, we demonstrate dominant oxygen participation in the redox reaction in cation disordered hexagonal and ordered monoclinic polymorphs of Na2xRuO3 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.75). In both polymorphs, when O ions are coordinated by more than three Na ions, unhybridized orphaned O 2p states are lifted closer to the Fermi level and therefore become accessible for the redox reaction. Moreover, high Ru-O covalency promotes greater 2p-4d hybridization at the top of the valence band further increasing the density of states of the electrochemically labile O 2p orbitals near the Fermi level. Consequently, throughout cycling, the contribution of the O 2p states to the charge compensation mechanism becomes nearly as twice as that of Ru 4d states in both polymorphs. Due to broader dispersion of the O 2p states near the Fermi level, the cation disordered polymorph, nonetheless, has a higher voltage of 2.458 V compared to the voltage of the cation ordered polymorph of 2.243 V.

ジャーナルJournal of the Electrochemical Society
出版ステータスPublished - 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 電子材料、光学材料、および磁性材料
  • 再生可能エネルギー、持続可能性、環境
  • 表面、皮膜および薄膜
  • 電気化学
  • 材料化学


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