Peer effects on job satisfaction from exposure to elderly workers

Yuji Kawata*, Hideo Owan

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果査読

抄録

The Elderly Employment Stabilization Law, revised in 2006, helped the government increase elderly employment. While there has been much debate on whether the reemployment of elderly workers has substituted for or increased the employment of young workers, little attention has been paid to the potential peer effects of the former group on the latter's productivity and other outcomes in the workplace. There might be knowledge spillovers from elderly workers to peers (positive peer effects) or the presence of unmotivated elderly workers lowering the morale of their coworkers (negative peer effects). In this paper, we investigate such peer effects from exposure to elderly workers using the employee satisfaction survey of a Japanese firm. We show that, on average, elderly workers do not have significant peer effects on coworkers’ satisfaction. However, the effects are heterogeneous depending on the ability of elderly workers as measured by their wages, and the age and job levels of their peers. Namely, nonmanagerial workers, particularly those in their 50s, are more satisfied and coworkers in their 30s and 40s receive more training when they work with elderly workers. The positive effects are significant when the focal elderly workers come from other units rather than when they stay in the same units implying that the sharing of broad experience might mediate the effect. In contrast, the presence of elderly workers makes first-line managers feel that there is poor communication in the workplace.

本文言語English
論文番号101183
ジャーナルJournal of The Japanese and International Economies
63
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2022 3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 財務
  • 経済学、計量経済学
  • 政治学と国際関係論

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