Excitation spectrum and thermodynamic properties of spin-1 Bose condensates under the single-condensate assumption were studied. Higher-scattering effects were considered. Analytical expressions of the excitation spectrum and thermodynamic quantities were obtained. Self-energies were evaluated within the on-shell approximation. The resultant data were analyzed in detail.
|ジャーナル||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2003 7|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Physics and Astronomy(all)