The multidrug-sensitive budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae 12geneΔ0HSR-iERG6, is very useful in antifungal screens. A novel compound, named pestynol (1), was discovered from a culture of the fungus Pestalotiopsis humus FKI-7473 using the multidrug-sensitive yeast. The structure of 1 was elucidated by NMR studies and modified Mosher's method as (1R,2R,3R,4R)-(E)-5-(7,11-dimethyl-3-methylenedodeca-6,10-dien-1-yn-1-yl)cyclohex-5-ene-1,2,3,4-tetraol. Compound 1 showed antimicrobial activity against the Gram-positive bacteria, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and S. cerevisiae 12geneΔ0HSR-iERG6 and Mucor racemosus, but displayed only weak cytotoxicity against various human cancer cell lines. Compound 1 displayed antifungal activities against S. cerevisiae 12geneΔ0HSR-iERG6 and Mucor racemosus at 10 μg/disc.
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