In this review article, recent understandings of the urban atmosphere are briefly presented, focusing on NOx (NO and NO2), NO 3 and HOx (OH and HO2), which are the key species for photochemical ozone production in the urban air. For NOx chemistry, relationship between NOx and HOx, and photostationary state (PSS) of the conversion between NO and NO2 are introduced with examples of recent research. Chemistry of nitrate radicals in the nighttime is also introduced. In addition, recent and representative techniques for the measurements of reactive nitrogen species in the troposphere are presented. As for HOx radicals, important formation and loss processes and measurement methods developed recently are introduced. Recent campaign-based observations of HOx radicals in the troposphere are also presented.
|ジャーナル||Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology C: Photochemistry Reviews|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2003 4月 30|
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