Oxidation of carbon particles by lattice oxygen on/in catalysts was investigated with and without electrical discharge at 673 K in a fluidized bed reactor. Application of dielectric barrier discharge promoted the evolution of lattice oxygen in the oxide catalyst, and oxidation of carbon by the evolved lattice oxygen was accelerated by application of the discharge. The total amount of consumed lattice oxygen in/on the catalyst was not changed by the application of the discharge due to the low diffusion rate of bulk oxygen at low temperature. Metal-loaded catalysts such as Ni/CeO2 evolved larger amounts of lattice oxygen because of interaction between the supported Ni particle and ceria support.
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