Pleistocene human remains from Shiraho-Saonetabaru Cave on Ishigaki Island, Okinawa, Japan, and their radiocarbon dating

Ryohei Nakagawa, Naomi Doi, Yuichiro Nishioka, Shin Nunami, Heizaburo Yamauchi, Masaki Fujita, Shinji Yamazaki, Masaaki Yamamoto, Chiaki Katagiri, Hitoshi Mukai, Hiroyuki Matsuzaki, Takashi Gakuhari, Mai Takigami, Minoru Yoneda*

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

28 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Nine human remains were recovered from Shiraho-Saonetabaru Cave on Ishigaki Island, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, between 2007 and 2009. Six of the nine samples produced well-preserved biogenic collagen, which was submitted to radiocarbon dating by accelerator mass spectrometry. Three human samples (Nos. 2, 4, and 8) from the fossil chamber were dated to between 16 and 20 ka BP, and can clearly be assigned to the Late Pleistocene. One animal bone from the same chamber which was treated and measured for radiocarbon independently was also of great antiquity (c. 12 ka BP). These dates are the first concrete evidence of human occupation on the Ryukyu Islands during the Pleistocene, based on the direct radiocarbon dates of human remains. It is expected that more human remains and archaeological objects of the Pleistocene will be recovered from Shiraho-Saonetabaru Cave and the surrounding region by future intensive collaborations between anthropologists, archaeologists, and speleologists.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)173-183
ページ数11
ジャーナルAnthropological Science
118
3
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2011 1
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 人類学

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