Populism in Japan

Robert A. Fahey, Airo Hino, Robert J. Pekkanen

研究成果: Chapter

1 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

While populism has become a major force in many nations in recent decades, the extent to which the phenomenon is found in Japan’s politics is a contested topic on which scholars have asserted positions ranging from claims that it simply does not exist in Japan, to opposing claims that Japan’s most powerful and influential recent prime ministers have in fact been populists, with various positions in between those extremes also being represented. Some of this contestation arises from different definitions of “populism” that were developed in parallel in Japanese and Western literature, both of which also further differ from the vernacular usage of the term in Japanese political and media discourses. Consequently, scholars following different definitions have drawn quite different conclusions regarding the populist nature of Japanese political actors. This chapter outlines the correspondences and contrasts between the different definitions and uses them to examine claims that prominent contemporary political figures, including former prime ministers Junichiro Koizumi and Shinzō Abe, as well as regional governors Toru Hashimoto, Yuriko Koike, and Takashi Kawamura, have been populists or have utilized populist rhetoric in their campaigns. We find that while overt populism in Japan-at least according to the definitions used internationally-is generally confined to regional politics, national leaders have also displayed proclivity to borrow limited aspects of populist rhetoric and strategy in support of their political campaigns and policy objectives.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルThe Oxford Handbook of Japanese Politics
出版社Oxford University Press
ページ317-350
ページ数34
ISBN(電子版)9780190050993
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2020 1月 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 社会科学(全般)

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