In Old English, genitive nouns in apposition are both marked for case. King Arthur's men, for example, would be Arures cyninges menn, Arures menn æs cyninges, among a few other possibilities. Non-agreeing genitive appositives such as Arur kinges men and Arures men (e) king began to appear in the Early Middle English period. The analysis in two versions of Laeamon's Brut suggests two possible pathways through which they were established. One is the development of the name and the title as a compound-like unit, which marks genitive only at the end of the second element as in Arur kinges men, and the other is ambiguous appositive or predicative expressions such as Arures men (e) king, interpretable as either 'King Arthur's men' or 'men of Arthur, (who is) (the) king', which seem to have led post-head constituents of split genitives to appear in the nominative or unmarked case, resulting in genitive marking only on the pre-head components. These new usages are thus originally and essentially independent of the developments of the case-marking system itself.
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