Precipitation profile and dryout concentration of sea-water pool-boiling in 5 × 5 bundle geometry

Masahiro Furuya*, Riichiro Okawa, Takahiro Arai, Hiroki Takiguchi, Kenetsu Shirakawa

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

2 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

As an accident management procedure of light water (nuclear) reactors which are situated along sea shore, sea water will be injected into the reactor pressure vessel to flood the nuclear fuel which is heated by residual heat. Another salt water is borated water, which will be injected into the reactor core as a neutron absorber to avoid recriticality. Precipitation behavior of such salt water including these mixtures is a key to gain the confidence of accident strategy to cool down the reactor core during accidental conditions. Pool boiling experiments were conducted with a simulated 5 × 5 fuel-rod bundle with condensed (two and half times denser) sea water and a mixture solution of sea water and borated water. Three-dimensional salt-precipitation distributions in the rod bundles were quantified with X-ray CT system. For both solutions, salt precipitated downstream and close to the top of active fuel (TAF) height where the void fraction is the highest. The condensed sea water yields wider precipitation region in height direction than mixture solution does. Mixture solution may give localized precipitates at the same height, which is just below TAF and uniformly spread on the horizontal plane. For both solutions, dryout concentration is larger as collapsed solution level is higher. This is because that lower collapsed solution level gives longer boiling-length and higher void-fraction, which results in larger amount of salt precipitations. The proposed salt concentration is useful to evaluate dryout concentration, which is the almost constant salt concentration for heat flux levels within the experimental ranges.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)38-45
ページ数8
ジャーナルNuclear Engineering and Design
341
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2019 1月
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 核物理学および高エネルギー物理学
  • 原子力エネルギーおよび原子力工学
  • 材料科学(全般)
  • 安全性、リスク、信頼性、品質管理
  • 廃棄物管理と処理
  • 機械工学

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