Precipitation profile and dryout concentration of sea-water pool-boiling in 5 × 5 full-height BWR bundle

Masahiro Furuya, Riichiro Okawa, Takahiro Arai, Kenetsu Shirakawa

研究成果: Article査読

抄録

Sea water shall be injected into water-cooled nuclear reactors during severe accidents, which are located along coastal side to flood the nuclear fuel, which is heated by residual heat. Precipitation growth to narrower flow path area is a key to gain the confidence of accident mitigation procedure to cool down the reactor core during accidental conditions. A pool boiling experiment was conducted with a simulated 5 × 5 full-height BWR fuel-rod bundle with condensed (two and half times higher concentration) sea water. The temperature on the center rod surface in the top spacer rose rapidly, since the flow area inside the top spacer was filled with the precipitated salt. Dryout below the top spacer escalated temperatures of the heater surface. On the other hand, the heater above the top spacer was cooled stably by pool boiling. An example calculation estimates that the dryout due to salt precipitation may occur 19 h after sea water injection for an ABWR, which had operated at 3.926 GWt for 13 months on the basis of critical dryout concentration of 50 wt%.

本文言語English
論文番号111083
ジャーナルNuclear Engineering and Design
375
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2021 4 15
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 核物理学および高エネルギー物理学
  • 原子力エネルギーおよび原子力工学
  • 材料科学(全般)
  • 安全性、リスク、信頼性、品質管理
  • 廃棄物管理と処理
  • 機械工学

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