Incremental adaptation techniques for speech recognition are aimed at adjusting acoustic models to time-variant acoustic characteristics related to such factors as changes of speaker, speaking style, and noise source over time. In this paper, we propose a novel incremental adaptation framework, which models such time-variant characteristics by successively updating posterior distributions of acoustic model parameters based on a macroscopic time scale (e.g., every set of more than a dozen utterances). The proposed incremental update involves a predictor-corrector algorithm based on a macroscopic time evolution system in accordance with the Kalman filter theory. We also provide a unified interpretation of the proposal and the two major conventional approaches of indirect adaptation via transformation parameters [e.g., maximum-likelihood linear regression (MLLR)] and direct adaptation of classifier parameters [e.g., maximum a posteriori (MAP)]. We reveal analytically and experimentally that the proposed incremental adaptation realizes the predictor-corrector algorithm and involves both the conventional and their combinatorial adaptation approaches. Consequently, the proposal achieves robust recognition performance based on a balanced incremental adaptation between quickness and stability.
|ジャーナル||IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech and Language Processing|
|出版物ステータス||Published - 2010|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering