### 抄録

Organization of living things is characterized by dynamical hierarchical structures inheriting discrepancy among levels. It can be expressed as a system consisting of two layers; the microscopic perspective (Extent) defined by a collection of elements and the macroscopic perspective (Intent) defined by the property as a whole, and the interplay between them. First we show that if the microscopic and macroscopic perspectives are consistent with each other (an ideal case), then the operation between the two layers can be expressed as a sheaf between a lattice and a quotient lattice, where a sheaf is a mathematical operation representing the gluing process. Second, we introduce an observer who cannot look out over the whole world, and this reveals a discrepancy between the two layers. Third, we introduce a new mathematical construction, called skeleton, that is derived by the sheaf operation. The skeleton reduces the discrepancy between the micro- and macroscopic perspectives, and that reveals the perpetual transition between the perspectives. This process yields a basic framework of biological organizations. Finally, we argue that the skeleton mediating between the two levels is a particular expression for the material cause.

元の言語 | English |
---|---|

ページ（範囲） | 152-167 |

ページ数 | 16 |

ジャーナル | Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena |

巻 | 219 |

発行部数 | 2 |

DOI | |

出版物ステータス | Published - 2006 7 15 |

外部発表 | Yes |

### Fingerprint

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Applied Mathematics
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

### これを引用

*Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena*,

*219*(2), 152-167. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physd.2006.06.001

**Principles of biological organization : Local-global negotiation based on "material cause".** / Gunji, Yukio; Haruna, Taichi; Sawa, Koji.

研究成果: Article

*Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena*, 巻. 219, 番号 2, pp. 152-167. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physd.2006.06.001

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Principles of biological organization

T2 - Local-global negotiation based on "material cause"

AU - Gunji, Yukio

AU - Haruna, Taichi

AU - Sawa, Koji

PY - 2006/7/15

Y1 - 2006/7/15

N2 - Organization of living things is characterized by dynamical hierarchical structures inheriting discrepancy among levels. It can be expressed as a system consisting of two layers; the microscopic perspective (Extent) defined by a collection of elements and the macroscopic perspective (Intent) defined by the property as a whole, and the interplay between them. First we show that if the microscopic and macroscopic perspectives are consistent with each other (an ideal case), then the operation between the two layers can be expressed as a sheaf between a lattice and a quotient lattice, where a sheaf is a mathematical operation representing the gluing process. Second, we introduce an observer who cannot look out over the whole world, and this reveals a discrepancy between the two layers. Third, we introduce a new mathematical construction, called skeleton, that is derived by the sheaf operation. The skeleton reduces the discrepancy between the micro- and macroscopic perspectives, and that reveals the perpetual transition between the perspectives. This process yields a basic framework of biological organizations. Finally, we argue that the skeleton mediating between the two levels is a particular expression for the material cause.

AB - Organization of living things is characterized by dynamical hierarchical structures inheriting discrepancy among levels. It can be expressed as a system consisting of two layers; the microscopic perspective (Extent) defined by a collection of elements and the macroscopic perspective (Intent) defined by the property as a whole, and the interplay between them. First we show that if the microscopic and macroscopic perspectives are consistent with each other (an ideal case), then the operation between the two layers can be expressed as a sheaf between a lattice and a quotient lattice, where a sheaf is a mathematical operation representing the gluing process. Second, we introduce an observer who cannot look out over the whole world, and this reveals a discrepancy between the two layers. Third, we introduce a new mathematical construction, called skeleton, that is derived by the sheaf operation. The skeleton reduces the discrepancy between the micro- and macroscopic perspectives, and that reveals the perpetual transition between the perspectives. This process yields a basic framework of biological organizations. Finally, we argue that the skeleton mediating between the two levels is a particular expression for the material cause.

KW - Endo-physics

KW - Hierarchy

KW - Lattice

KW - Sheaf

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33746323049&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33746323049&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.physd.2006.06.001

DO - 10.1016/j.physd.2006.06.001

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:33746323049

VL - 219

SP - 152

EP - 167

JO - Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena

JF - Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena

SN - 0167-2789

IS - 2

ER -