Cardiac myocytes produce endothelin-1 (ET-1). ET-1 has potent positive inotropic and chronotropic effects. We investigated whether production of ET-1 in the heart is altered by prolonged exercise in rats. Rats ran on a treadmill for 45 min. Immediately after this exercise the heart and lungs were quickly removed. Control rats remained at rest during this 45-min period. Expression of preproET-1 mRNA in the heart was markedly higher in the exercised than in the control rats. The peptide level of ET-1 in the heart was also markedly higher in the exercised rats. Expression of endothelin type A- and type B-receptor mRNA and endothelin-converting enzyme mRNA in the heart did not differ between the groups. The peptide level of ET-1 and the preproET-1 mRNA level in the lungs of the exercised rats did not differ from those in the control rats. The present results show that production of ET-1 is markedly increased tissue specifically in the heart by exercise without appreciable changes in endothelin-converting enzyme and endothelin receptor expression. The present study suggests that myocardial ET-1 may participate in modulation of cardiac function during exercise.
|ジャーナル||American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|出版ステータス||Published - 1998 12月|
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