Psychological, social, and environmental factors associated with utilization of senior centers among older adults in Korea

Hyun Shik Kim, Masashi Miyashita, Kazuhiro Harada, Jong Hwan Park, Jae Moo So, Yoshio Nakamura

研究成果: Article

3 引用 (Scopus)

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Objectives: The purpose of the study was to examine the relationships among the psychological, social, and environmental factors influencing the utilization of senior centers among older adults in Korea. Methods: A questionnaire survey was administered to two types of older adults who lived in Seoul, Korea: 262 older adults who used senior centers (3 places) and 156 older adults who did not use senior centers. Results: Our results showed clearly that the utilization of the senior centers in Korea is affected by higher self-efficacy (odds ratio [OR], 6.08; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.31 to 12.32), higher perceived benefits (OR, 1.71; 95% CI, 1.16 to 4.36), lower perceived barriers (OR, 6.43; 95% CI, 3.07 to 11.45), higher family support (OR, 4.21; 95% CI, 2.02 to 8.77), and higher support from friends (OR, 4.08; 95% CI, 2.38 to 7.81). The results also showed that participants whose total travel time was 15 to 29 minutes (OR, 2.84; 95% CI, 1.21 to 3.64) or less than 14 minutes (OR, 4.68; 95% CI, 3.41 to 8.41) were more likely to use a senior center than those who had to travel more than 30 minutes. Conclusions: This study showed that the utilization of senior centers in Korea is affected by psychological, social, and environmental factors, specifically by self-efficacy, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, social support, convenience of transportation, and total travel time to the senior centers. The effects of longer-term utilization of the senior centers by non-users on health-related outcomes in a large population warrant attention.

元の言語English
ページ(範囲)244-250
ページ数7
ジャーナルJournal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
45
発行部数4
DOI
出版物ステータスPublished - 2012 7

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Senior Centers
Korea
Psychology
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Self Efficacy
Social Support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

これを引用

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title = "Psychological, social, and environmental factors associated with utilization of senior centers among older adults in Korea",
abstract = "Objectives: The purpose of the study was to examine the relationships among the psychological, social, and environmental factors influencing the utilization of senior centers among older adults in Korea. Methods: A questionnaire survey was administered to two types of older adults who lived in Seoul, Korea: 262 older adults who used senior centers (3 places) and 156 older adults who did not use senior centers. Results: Our results showed clearly that the utilization of the senior centers in Korea is affected by higher self-efficacy (odds ratio [OR], 6.08; 95{\%} confidence interval [CI], 3.31 to 12.32), higher perceived benefits (OR, 1.71; 95{\%} CI, 1.16 to 4.36), lower perceived barriers (OR, 6.43; 95{\%} CI, 3.07 to 11.45), higher family support (OR, 4.21; 95{\%} CI, 2.02 to 8.77), and higher support from friends (OR, 4.08; 95{\%} CI, 2.38 to 7.81). The results also showed that participants whose total travel time was 15 to 29 minutes (OR, 2.84; 95{\%} CI, 1.21 to 3.64) or less than 14 minutes (OR, 4.68; 95{\%} CI, 3.41 to 8.41) were more likely to use a senior center than those who had to travel more than 30 minutes. Conclusions: This study showed that the utilization of senior centers in Korea is affected by psychological, social, and environmental factors, specifically by self-efficacy, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, social support, convenience of transportation, and total travel time to the senior centers. The effects of longer-term utilization of the senior centers by non-users on health-related outcomes in a large population warrant attention.",
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T1 - Psychological, social, and environmental factors associated with utilization of senior centers among older adults in Korea

AU - Kim, Hyun Shik

AU - Miyashita, Masashi

AU - Harada, Kazuhiro

AU - Park, Jong Hwan

AU - So, Jae Moo

AU - Nakamura, Yoshio

PY - 2012/7

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AB - Objectives: The purpose of the study was to examine the relationships among the psychological, social, and environmental factors influencing the utilization of senior centers among older adults in Korea. Methods: A questionnaire survey was administered to two types of older adults who lived in Seoul, Korea: 262 older adults who used senior centers (3 places) and 156 older adults who did not use senior centers. Results: Our results showed clearly that the utilization of the senior centers in Korea is affected by higher self-efficacy (odds ratio [OR], 6.08; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.31 to 12.32), higher perceived benefits (OR, 1.71; 95% CI, 1.16 to 4.36), lower perceived barriers (OR, 6.43; 95% CI, 3.07 to 11.45), higher family support (OR, 4.21; 95% CI, 2.02 to 8.77), and higher support from friends (OR, 4.08; 95% CI, 2.38 to 7.81). The results also showed that participants whose total travel time was 15 to 29 minutes (OR, 2.84; 95% CI, 1.21 to 3.64) or less than 14 minutes (OR, 4.68; 95% CI, 3.41 to 8.41) were more likely to use a senior center than those who had to travel more than 30 minutes. Conclusions: This study showed that the utilization of senior centers in Korea is affected by psychological, social, and environmental factors, specifically by self-efficacy, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, social support, convenience of transportation, and total travel time to the senior centers. The effects of longer-term utilization of the senior centers by non-users on health-related outcomes in a large population warrant attention.

KW - Built environment

KW - Perceived benefits and barriers

KW - Prevention of long-term care

KW - Self efficacy

KW - Senior center

KW - Social support

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