Psychopathological symptoms in two generations of the same family: A cross-cultural comparison

Cecilia A. Essau*, Shin Ichi Ishikawa, Satoko Sasagawa, Kanako Otsui, Hiroshi Sato, Isa Okajima, George A. Georgiou, Jean O'Callaghan, Diane Bray

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

3 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Purpose: The main aims of the present study were to compare the frequency and correlates of psychopathological symptoms in two generations of the same family in Japan and in England. Methods: The sample included 689 adolescents and one of their parents/guardians. All participants completed a set of questionnaires to measure psychopathological symptoms, self-construals, and perceived social support. Results: In both parent and adolescent data, the Japanese sample reported significantly lower psychopathological symptoms than the English sample. The relationship between parental and adolescent psychopathology was significant in England, but not in Japan. In both countries, perceived social support and independent self-construal were generally associated with less psychopathological symptoms, and interdependent self-construal was associated with more symptoms. Additionally, in England, a significant interaction effect was found between social support and the self-construals. Participants with low independent and high interdependent self-construal had elevated levels of psychopathological symptoms when perceived social support was low. Conclusions: The present study illustrates the importance of culture in the transmission of psychopathological symptoms across different generations in the same family.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)2017-2026
ページ数10
ジャーナルSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
48
12
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2013 12月
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 精神医学および精神衛生
  • 疫学
  • 健康(社会科学)
  • 社会心理学
  • 医学(全般)

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