Purification and characterization of rat ovarian 20α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase

Ken Noda*, Kunio Shiota, Michio Takahashi

*この研究の対応する著者

研究成果: Article査読

17 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

To investigate the regulatory mechanism of 20α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (20α-HSD) (EC 1.1.1.149) activity in ovarian tissue, the enzyme was purified from ovaries of normal mature female rats. Column chromatography of the cytosolic fraction from ovaries on DEAE-Toyopearl 650M revealed two peaks of the 20α-HSD activity at different ionic strengths. These peaks were designated HSD1 and HSD2, respectively. Each of the active fractions was further purified to homogeneity by dye-affinity chromatography using Matrex Green A and AF Red-Toyopearl. Both the fractions appeared as a single band on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (at Mr = 33 000 under reducing conditions). Under non-reducing conditions, similar values were obtained on gel-exclusion HPLC, indicating that the enzyme fractions were single-stranded, monomeric polypeptides. Homogeneous HSD1 and HSD2 were purified 361-fold and 509-fold, respectively, and differed in their substrate preference. The two enzyme fractions had Km values of 4.75 μM and 5.16 μM for 20α-dihydroprogesterone, respectively, and showed almost the same RF values on reverse-phase HPLC and free-zone capillary electrophoresis. However, amino acid composition was slightly different, i.e. lysin content was higher in HSD1 and HSD2. Thus, it was clarified that two types of 20α-HSD with very similar molecular structures are present in the rat ovary.

本文言語English
ページ(範囲)112-118
ページ数7
ジャーナルBiochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Protein Structure and Molecular
1079
1
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 1991 8 9
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • 生化学
  • 生物理学
  • 分子生物学
  • 構造生物学

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