TY - JOUR

T1 - Quantum circuit analog of the dynamical Casimir effect

AU - Fujii, Toshiyuki

AU - Matsuo, Shigemasa

AU - Hatakenaka, Noriyuki

AU - Kurihara, Susumu

AU - Zeilinger, Anton

PY - 2011/11/23

Y1 - 2011/11/23

N2 - We investigate a quantum-circuit analog of the dynamical Casimir effect discussed in cavity quantum electrodynamics (QED). A double superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID), consisting of a superconducting loop interrupted by a dc-SQUID, is regarded as a harmonic oscillator with a time-dependent frequency imitating the nonadiabatic boundaries in a cavity QED. Squeezing occurs due to parametric processes inherent in the system. We reformulate squeezing based on the Bogoliubov transformation between eigenstates at different times and derive the analytic formula for quantum-state evolutions of the system. The squeezing parameter clearly reveals the relationship between squeezing and nonadiabatic nature of the system. Thus, the squeezing parameter serves as a measure for the dynamical Casimir effect. We demonstrate squeezing for two types of frequency modulation and propose a method for measuring squeezing by using a circuit QED technique under coherent oscillations between an artificial atom and an LC circuit in the presence of dissipation. These observations suggest that a quantum circuit with a Josephson junction is a promising candidate for detecting the dynamical Casimir effect.

AB - We investigate a quantum-circuit analog of the dynamical Casimir effect discussed in cavity quantum electrodynamics (QED). A double superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID), consisting of a superconducting loop interrupted by a dc-SQUID, is regarded as a harmonic oscillator with a time-dependent frequency imitating the nonadiabatic boundaries in a cavity QED. Squeezing occurs due to parametric processes inherent in the system. We reformulate squeezing based on the Bogoliubov transformation between eigenstates at different times and derive the analytic formula for quantum-state evolutions of the system. The squeezing parameter clearly reveals the relationship between squeezing and nonadiabatic nature of the system. Thus, the squeezing parameter serves as a measure for the dynamical Casimir effect. We demonstrate squeezing for two types of frequency modulation and propose a method for measuring squeezing by using a circuit QED technique under coherent oscillations between an artificial atom and an LC circuit in the presence of dissipation. These observations suggest that a quantum circuit with a Josephson junction is a promising candidate for detecting the dynamical Casimir effect.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevB.84.174521

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevB.84.174521

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:82455209583

VL - 84

JO - Physical Review B-Condensed Matter

JF - Physical Review B-Condensed Matter

SN - 0163-1829

IS - 17

M1 - 174521

ER -