Raising taxes for democracy: The Japanese policy environment of the Shoup mission

Laura Hein, Mark Metzler

研究成果: Chapter

抄録

When the Shoup mission members arrived in Tokyo in May 1949, they entered a highly politicized arena where Japanese protagonists, acting under the authority of the occupation supergovernment, battled each other for control over fundamental economic decisions. This is not a story of Americans unilaterally imposing their views on Japanese. The American fiscal experts not only entered a complicated field of Japanese economic and political opinions, but they disagreed among themselves. Their recommendations and the effects of their reforms on the tax structure were understood through the ideas and institutions already in place. Nor did the Americans provide levels of fiscal expertise that Japan lacked. As Finance Minister Ikeda Hayato stated shortly after the end of the occupation – proudly and accurately – “as for our country’s tax system as a system, we had deeply researched the examples of various continental European countries and had advanced the tax system’s theoretical grounding to a relatively high level, so in that domain we did not particularly need to ask for foreign guidance”. Rather, he said, the reason for welcoming the foreign experts’ mission was political. Taking a cue from Ikeda, this chapter addresses the Japanese policy environment encountered by the Shoup mission and discusses some basic questions concerning money and taxation in modern times. We focus on three points.

本文言語English
ホスト出版物のタイトルThe Political Economy of Transnational Tax Reform
ホスト出版物のサブタイトルThe Shoup Mission to Japan in Historical Context
出版社Cambridge University Press
ページ167-194
ページ数28
ISBN(電子版)9781139519427
ISBN(印刷版)9781107033160
DOI
出版ステータスPublished - 2010 1 1
外部発表はい

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)

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