The wide usage of small satellite imagery, especially its commercialization, makes data-based onboard compression not only meaningful but also necessary in order to solve the bottleneck between the huge volume of data generated onboard and the very limited downlink bandwidth. In this paper, we propose a method that encodes different regions with different algorithms. We use three shape-adaptive image compression algorithms as the candidates. The first one is a JPEG-based algorithm, the second one is based on the object-based wavelet transform (OWT) method proposed by , and the third adopts Hilbert scanning of the regions of interest followed by one-dimensional (1-D) wavelet transform. The three algorithms are also applied to the full image so that we can compare their performance on a whole rectangular image. We use eight Landsat TM multispectral images and another 12 small satellite single-band images as our data set. The results show that these compression algorithms have significantly different performance for different regions. For relatively smooth regions, e.g., regions that consist of a single type of vegetation or water areas etc, the 1-D wavelet method is the best. For highly textured regions, e.g., urban areas, mountain areas, and so on, the modified OWT method wins over the others. For the whole image, OWT working at whole image mode, which is just an ordinary 2-D wavelet compression, is the best. Based on this, we propose a new data-based compression architecture that extracts particular regions according to the application of interest and then involves different algorithms to encode different regions in order to achieve better performance than traditional onboard compression schemes in which a fixed compression method is applied to the whole image no matter what the application is. This approach is most appropriate for use with images captured by microsatellites, which are commissioned for specific applications in which one knows a priori which class of region the user is interested in.
|ジャーナル||IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2001 3|
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