Physical activity and exercise are important to maintain both exercise capacity and the caloric expenditure associated with reduced mortality. Even though the health benefits of regular exercise and physical activity are well documented, most individuals are inadequately active or completely inactive. It has been recommended that research on exercise adherence be conducted according to behavioral science models. One of the most effective is the transtheoretical model of behavior change (TTM). The TTM has been used to explain both the stages and processes individuals go through when trying to adopt a positive behavior (eg, habitual exercise). The TTM suggests that individuals attempting to change behavior move through five stages of change. The model incorporates stages of change, processes of change, decisional balance, and self-efficacy. Many researchers have shown that self-efficacy is an important predictor of adoption and maintenance of exercise behavior. This article reviews the research literature that applies the TTM to investigations of exercise adherence. In addition, the influence of exercise adherence on exercise capacity, muscle strength, self-efficacy, stress, physical activity, and health-related quality of life in the general population and in patients is reviewed.
|ジャーナル||Critical Reviews in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine|
|出版ステータス||Published - 2006 9 29|
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