This study aims to better understand the effects of retirement on health outcomes through a large-scale cross-country study of the changes in health investment behaviors after retirement among the populations of seven developed countries. Much of the literature on retirement health consists of single-country studies which generally find that health investment behaviors are effective predictors of health outcomes. However, using Global Aging Data normalized to facilitate cross-country comparison, and exploiting differences in the financial incentives in the pension systems across countries as our identification strategy, we find that, even with a careful accounting of the differences in baseline retirement ages, the elderly do not uniformly change their health investment behaviors in retirement. Therefore, in a cross-country framework, health investment behaviors are not necessarily good predictors of health in retirement.
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